TG2014

In Gratitude For Great Collaborators

Appreciation comes everyday in the little things and we need to pay attention to each and every one of them. I am truly grateful to have found a way of earning a living that keeps me motivated, passionate and spirited. Cotter Visual Communications is in its 26th year of doing business and it is time we share why we do what we do. I would like to show my gratitude to our clients who allow us to appreciate who they are and what they are doing. We are all doing good work, together!

Here are some of the attributes I admire in ours.

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synergist

Brands and 9/11… What Not To Say On A Bad Day

How do brands post on 9/11?
How can brands insert themselves into the conversation without seeming opportunistic?
How can they show their sincerity?

It is a time for people to reflect, remember others and share stories to help heal. The pain is still real. Acknowledging this will be more respectful than anything else a brand can do because whatever they do, they will be criticized.

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Creating a Great Logo – a Metamorphosis

What is your company’s “personality?” Do you know your brand?

Before you begin on any marketing or advertising campaign you should be able to define your company brand. We can help you drill down to your core brand identity, so it’s clear.

Can you answer these questions?

What are your company’s core values?

What are your present and future goals for your company?

Looking at where you’re headed… try this exercise.

Relax your mind. For a moment, let your thoughts flow freely.

How do you see your company?

How do your customers see your company?

Can you use “power words” to describe your company?

“Power words” are positive, active, descriptive words loaded with emotions that create a dominant image or impression in peoples minds.

Logo design is a process. We synthesize the ideas you tell us about your company and return with some appropriate visual representations of those concepts. Distilling concepts to their visual brand essence is what we do for you, helping define and develop your core brand along the way.

A great logo starts with knowing your brand.

Next >… Creating your logo – a process

Branding … Good And Bad

What makes one brand successful and another a failure? Think through these brand successes and failures and you will be able to see how the many variables of change contribute to their outcomes.

Branding Successes

Starbucks

Icons are built over time through consistent brand experiences, and once this status is reached a company can then minimalize a mark or identity system. Visual brand recognition is just that good with Starbucks. They dropped their brand name and the word ‘coffee’ from their logo. Broad brand awareness is needed if you are to remove a word mark and leave only the logo. That is, if you don’t want to confuse or lose customers. Starbucks was clever in keeping many of their iconic signifiers, and the result was a solid, refreshed visual identity (VI), which did not infringe upon the customer’s experience of the brand. More…

Target

In the late 90s, Target was seen as just a discount retailer, much like Wal-Mart or K-Mart. By offering pared down versions of designer apparel and merchandise through exclusive deals with high-profile designers Target began to stand out from its competitors setting themselves apart with high-quality merchandise at lower prices. It now remains to be seen how and when they will recuperate from the credit card scandal which has tarnished their brand. Trust is at top of the brand list.

Apple

In 1997, Apple was dangerously close to bankruptcy. Today, stock prices have gone from $6 to $500+. What changed? They produce reliable and elegantly designed creative products which are enhanced by a strong visual identity. Apple articulates its brand from its products down to the store level experience. Their brand creates a positive experience all around for customers.                             More… here and here

UPS

In the late ’90s, UPS reminded customers of the ways UPS can meet their needs by replacing its slogan “Moving at the speed of business” with “What can brown do for you?” They created ads with characters like the “Mailroom Guy,” and the “CEO” to show that no matter where you are in the company hierarchy, UPS can help you. In 2001, UPS showed a profit margin that was roughly double FedEx’s.

UPS’s latest global slogan, “We [Heart] Logistics” is designed to highlight its position as a company that serves customers worldwide. UPS establishes a strong brand by using forward-looking slogans that tell customers they are continually adapting and providing new ways to meet their needs.

Lessons learned

The successes:  Acknowledge that a brand’s identity goes way beyond a logo – it’s about the experiences they offer. These experiences and brand signifiers weren’t altered to the point of being unidentifiable, thus making the transition easier for customers.

Branding Failures

When people are brand loyal, they are loyal to the product and its aesthetics. The danger of rebranding is that customers can be too attached to the old concept to accept any changes.

JC Penney rebrand

2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 were all years in which JCPenney sported a new logo. Sometimes a new logo reflects changes that are not necessarily better. The fact that the logo has changed this frequently tells you a bit more about the company than one might think. More…

Pepsi – Tropicana

In 2009, Tropicana (a PepsiCo company) changed their visual identity of their flagship product by replacing the image of an orange pierced with a straw to a picture of a glass of orange juice. They also implemented a vertical logo with a new typeface. Consumers complained that they found the product difficult to distinguish among the many varieties of Tropicana, and more importantly, very difficult to differentiate from other juice brands. It was reported that sales of the Pure Premium line dropped 20 percent between January 1st and February 22nd.

By the end of 2009, Tropicana reverted back to the old packaging, proving that they were listening. This is a good example of an iconic brand misjudging when a VI might be altered and, more importantly, to what extent. A VI overhaul has the power to be disruptive, and not necessarily in a good way. Sometimes, the old adage ‘if it ain’t broke don’t fix it,’ rings true.

Pepsi – Logo rebrand

In 2008 Pepsi’s 11th new logo in its 110-year history was introduced. Five logos in 21 years, with the prior update being in 2002. this logo rebrand was not well-received and Pepsi was endlessly ridiculed for the amount spent and the Brand agency’s conceptual words around it which seemed too contrived.     More …

GAP

In 2010 the power of the internet forced Gap to retreat to its original logo just days after the launch of their rebrand. An interesting look at how the company was not afraid to admit they were wrong and listen to their audience.  More …

BP

In 2000, BP updated its logo from a green shield to a green, yellow and white flower, adding the tagline ‘beyond petroleum’. The oil giant spent $7 million on brand research and $200 million in support of the rebranding. Environmental charities claimed it was spending more on rebranding than on research into renewable energy.

In 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil disaster demonstrated the irony of BP’s green credentials. Greenpeace launched an embarrassing competition to redesign the BP logo. More …

New Coke

In 1985 “New Coke” was launched with a new formula in an effort to keep up with Pepsi. Consumers were unhappy with many US customers boycotting the “New Coke”. Within 3 months, they reintroduced Coke as Coke Classic which went on to outsell both New Coke and Pepsi.

Coke Color Change

In 2011, Coke withdrew a newly-branded can in the US. Focused on their $3 million pledge to the WWF to help save polar bears, the company launched a white can. Visually, it looked too similar to the Diet Coke alternative, and of course brand confusion set in, customers complained and within one month, the red can returned.

3M

As of 2013 3M has been in existence for 111 years and has had 30 logo iterations! The most recent in 1978. That is an average of every 3.7 years. There is an undue need for change in this company that shows they have created their own brand confusion. More …

Lessons learned

The failures: Why change something that doesn’t need changing?

As you look around everyday you can see examples of successes and failures — I know you can pick them out.

Thanks To My Business Partner, Mac!

Happy Birthday Mac!
I want to thank you for helping me earn a living.
As a designer for over 35 years I have had an array of working Macs and icompanions.
We began in 1989 with a Mac IICX and from there over the years have had a Quadra 700, PowerBook, PowerMac 8500, PowerMac G3, Power Mac G4 Quicksilver, PowerBook Titanium, LaserWriter printer, a variety of mice and keyboards, displays of 17”, 20”, 27”, 30” cinema, iPod Shuffle, iPod Classic, iPad, iPhone 4s and an iMac Aluminum 27”.
You have allowed me to be productive and willingly handled all that I have been able to throw at you!
Thanks!

Branding Purple

Purple tends to be a color that people either love or hate. A visit to Berkshire Hathaway Home Services Fox & Roach’s Kennett Square office “Brand Opening” led me to a thought-provoking conversation on the BHHS corporate brand color choice of purple. They all knew the reasoning well as it was conveyed as part of the brand.

Historically, purple is the color of kings and emperors because it was nearly nonexistent in Renaissance and Medieval era due to near extinction of the snail used to make imperial purple. Imperial purple disappeared in 1453.

In pre-historic existence, our ancestors probably never saw a purple fruit, flower, bird, fish – or any living thing. This just added to the expense of creating the color.

The earliest purple dyes date back to about 1900 B.C. It took 12,000 shellfish to extract 1.5 grams of the pure dye to be used on a single garment the size of the Roman toga. This explains why this “regal” color was used primarily for garments of emperors or privileged individuals. Roman emperors Julius Caesar and Augustus both decreed that only the Emperor could wear purple. When Nero became Emperor, the wearing of purple and even the sale of purple was punishable by death!

Purple pigments and dyes are now less costly and complex, yet the purple symbolism of nobility and luxury remains true to most people in the world.

Other cultural symbolism

“Purple Heart” – the American award for bravery.
Purple is a symbolic color for the gay community in many Western cultures.
Purple symbolism is generationally specific. It is the color of “Barney” (children’s TV character) and also of Yahoo.
In U.K., Italy, Thailand, Brazil purple symbolizes mourning or death.

Visually distinct features of purple

Purple is the most powerful wavelength of the rainbow.
and lastly, purple is the hardest color for the eye to discriminate. See this visual illusion.

JCPenney Rebranding Fails

JCPenney’s logo, updated in January 2012, will be replaced by its prior logo, along with a new CEO. The 2012 logo was the third in three years. A telltale sign of brand confusion!

The 2012 rebrand involved a new pricing strategy, called “Fair and Square Pricing,” in which there would be everyday prices; month-long values; and “best prices” on the first and third Fridays of every month. The logo was meant to play off the “fair and square” theme (notice the square).

The logos in the image at left show the evolution of its visual brand.

Ron Johnson, the newly ousted CEO, had shortened the company’s name to ‘jcp’ in an attempt to rebrand. Consumer research showed overwhelming support for the prior logo before ‘jcp’.

The rebranding coincided with last year’s loss of nearly $1 billion for the company. Executives are hoping that the return of the former familiar logo will also encourage the return of shoppers.

Stephen Sadove, currently CEO of Saks Fifth Avenue, will join JCPenney after Saks Fifth Avenue’s pending merger with Hudson’s Bay.

How often do companies go through a rebranding when a new CEO steps in? Each CEO sets themselves up to make their mark and rebrand the company as their own. But if you notice, it is often the struggling companies that look to rebranding as part of the answer to their overall strategy.

11 Simple Rules To Communicating With Type

We like to make all communications easy for viewers to read. And of course we never want to create stumbling blocks to their concentration and comprehension! Recently I have seen too many examples of broken typography which has led me to put together this post.

1  Avoid distracting “widows”, “rivers” and “orphans”.

Rivers are a series of word spaces on consecutive lines of type that align more or less one over the other to create the appearance of a visual river in the text. Rivers can be vertical, diagonal, or even curved. They can be hard to ignore and divert your reader’s eyes, competing for needless attention.

A widow is a single word alone on a line at the end of a paragraph.
Orphans are single lines of copy alone at the bottom or top of a page or column.

2  Optimal Type Alignment – Aligned Left, Right, Justified, or Centered?

Justified body copy creates more rivers, undesirable letter- and word-spacing and hyphenation issues. If you must justify, there are a few things you can do to minimize visual disturbances. Adjust the size of margin, decrease the body copy size, or manually hyphenate the text.

Right-aligned and centered are generally not used for body copy. Left-aligned text is just right!

3  Insert only a single space after all punctuation.

4  Avoid underlined text. In today’s world this is a visual cue that the text is a hyperlink. Emphasis can be achieved by using italic or bold.

5  Text longer than a short headline or subhead should never be in all caps. As a rule use upper/lowercase letters.

6  Increase line spacing to improve readability in body text.

7  Ensure sufficient color contrast between the type and its background.

8  Lines of type should not exceed 52 characters in length, or two alphabets. When lines are too long, readers may lose their place in returning to the next line.

9  For a single-column width – 4.25 inches is ideal and a two-column width can be as narrow as 2 inches.

10  Avoid letterspacing upper/lowercase copy.

11  Create a hierarchy of messaging with your type. Which one or two messages do you want to command the viewer’s attention? Vary their size and weight accordingly and direct the viewer’s eyes.

Read more about Visually Leading Your Viewers With Intent.

Keep these simple rules in your arsenal to ensure your copy is readable and have fun with type!